Modern methods of laser correction of farsightedness, myopia and astigmatism provide the most delicate and accurate effect on the cornea, so the restrictions in the postoperative period are temporary. The results of many years of research and the positive experience of many athletes prove that laser vision correction and sports are fully compatible, provided that there is a short restriction of activity in the postoperative period. The duration of rehabilitation depends on the chosen method of correction and is determined in each case individually, taking into account the characteristics of the athlete’s body and what kind of sport the patient is engaged in.
What correction method should athletes use?
Laser techniques used for vision correction are safe, effective and provide accurate, stable results. All methods provide the most delicate approach with minimal impact on the eyes, so the postoperative period is reduced to several weeks of restrictions.
The question of returning to full-fledged training and heavy physical exertion for athletes is decided in each case individually, depending on the expected loads and the degree of tissue healing after correction.
Different techniques can be used to correct vision:
Lasik, in which the upper layer of the cornea is cut off using a microkeratome, and the correction is carried out with an excimer laser.
Femto Lasik, which is distinguished by the way the flap is formed. For this purpose, a femtosecond laser is used, which provides non-contact exposure, a thin cut and a high degree of accuracy.
A smile that does not require the formation of a flap and is performed in one step using a femtosecond laser.
The method of laser correction is selected depending on the severity of the disease and the condition of the cornea. Sports after vision correction can be started in a moderate mode in a few days, excluding heavy physical activity and swimming. Restrictions on visiting the pool are associated with the risk of water getting into the eyes, which can cause inflammation. Full-fledged professional training is allowed by the doctor after a detailed examination of the eyes and checking the healing of the cornea.
If it is important for the athlete to reduce the minimum recovery period, laser correction by the relex SMILE method may be recommended. The peculiarity of the procedure is that there is no need to form a corneal flap that provides laser access to the inner layers of the cornea. The operation is performed using a femtosecond laser, which the ophthalmic surgeon first creates a micro-incision in the cornea with a size of about 2 mm. Further, a thin cylindrical lens is formed in the inner layers of the cornea, the thickness of which is determined based on the required correction parameters. Through the existing micro-incision, the formed lens is removed from the cornea.
Since the corneal flap is not cut off, and the entire procedure is performed through a micro-incision, the period of rehabilitation and healing is minimized. This technique is considered the most convenient in cases where we are talking about athletes engaged in contact sports with increased risks of injury.
Restrictions in the postoperative period
The result achieved as a result of correction is important to preserve, so during the rehabilitation period you need to strictly adhere to simple activity restrictions that will help eliminate the risks of complications. Sports after laser vision correction are allowed, but it is worth remembering the minor restrictions and the short rehabilitation period required for the healing of corneal tissues. Only after healing and the absence of contraindications, you can return to an active lifestyle and full-fledged training without restrictions and risks of vision deterioration.
In each individual case, the decision on the duration of restrictions in the postoperative period is made by the doctor, since each organism has its own characteristics. On average, the period of restrictions for sports is as follows:
in the first three days, you need to keep calm and eliminate any stress and activity;
two weeks after the operation, you can not engage in extreme and dangerous sports with an increased risk of injury;
for four weeks, it is forbidden to visit swimming pools and saunas to eliminate the risk of infection of the eyes with water.
In the postoperative period, it is important not to violate the doctor’s instructions and observe the regime established by the ophthalmologist, which provides optimal conditions for rapid tissue healing. During follow-up examinations in the postoperative period, the doctor monitors how conscientiously the patient follows the instructions, how healing is going, whether there are unpleasant sensations in the eyes and other complaints.